You gotta wonder if editors didn’t have that in mind with their suggestion that one thousand words or fewer would be the ideal word count for a modern picture book. New goal for word counts between 700 to 1,000 words, according to Liz Scanlon, author of, among other books, A Sock is a Pocket for Your Toes. Liz (If I may be so informal after just six hours of lapping up your wisdom about the world of picture book creation.) spoke during a special day-long session this last Saturday at the Houston Chapter of SCBWI.
I am not a Picture Book writer, but I have never attended a session where writing was a topic and not come away with Pearls. This was no different. Thank you, thank you, thank you to all who organized and participated in the day. I so enjoyed sharing your writing energy!
The following are my notes from the session, which culminated in my paying not one whit of attention during the end of the lecture because I was diverted by a truly pitiful (but oh-so welcome) inspiration for a Picture Book.
Picture books. The purpose
Meant to be read aloud…always adult and child or children…
Provides multilayered and multilevel experience. Textual, visual, adult/child
Offers exposure to new vocab, the concept of story and literacy in general
Provides a platform for connection, intimacy, and love
Picture books. The form
Usually 32 pages long
Less than 1000 words, most less than 700
Perfect marriage of text and art
Often contains tradition narrative arc
Ends on a note of hope.
First the words.
Look up Picture Book Dummy for a notion of what to expect your words to wind up looking like on the page — plan for this. You have X=~25 pages and Y=12-14 scenes. (Which are picture opportunities) Make the most of them.
If you look at the grid on the Dummy, you notice that the first and fourth lines are short, about 4 – 5 pages, vs 8 pages on the middle two lines. Story blocking goes thus: First line: intro characters and problem Second line and third lines are the middle of the book, develop characters, action and story. (try and fail, try and fail, try and fail.) The fourth line is Crisis and Resolution. Voila!
I hate a closed heart. I know that when I have an unsuccessful day at my desk it is because I simply have not loved people and books and pictures enough…Ursula Nordstrom, editor
(Please, please rise from the dead and be my editor! -j-)
Interview with Maurice Sendak on fresh air last week. Listen!!!
Picture books are just a new way of looking at things…a childlike way of looking at things.
Coloring in the lines quiet…crayon escaping the lines energy…pb concept?
A sock is a pocket for your toes… Concept book
If want a successful PB explore a new perspective about…friendship, pockets, gardens, dogs, clouds…
Ask yourself: What is my fresh angle on the subject?
Two frogs down at the pond. Does one want to be a fish? A bird? Tell from pov of the fish under the lily pad…
Traditional narrative arc, aka plot pyramid aka Aristotle’s incline
- Inciting incident, rising action, falling action, resolution
The Hero’s journey
- Departure, initiation, return
Seven basic plots
- The quest, voyage and return, rebirth, tragedy, comedy, overcoming the monster, rags to riches
Rules of threes
- Try and fail, tray and fail, tray and succeed
12 – 14 illustratable moments
Page turns are the chapter breaks of picture books..dont miss the opportunity to tempt, satisfy, and keep ’em reading.
- Q.a format
- Complete verse forms
- Mid.sentence splits…maruice sendek, where the wild things are
- Build and thrill…one dark night, Lisa Wheeler…use of meanwhile…
- Write, revise, repeat
- Write, revise, repeat
- Write, revise, repeat
- Tension and conflict
- Animal characters
- Language, rhyme and rhythm
Non-fiction picture books are out there, wonderful, and creative. Gendre = creative non-fiction, written in the form of story…everything from here applies…tension and wonder. exceptions for length, can be, but not always, a bit longer…maybe 1200 words max.
Tension and Conflict:
- illustration of the pyramid inciting incident, climax, resolution
- The Carrot Seed, Ruth Kraus
- Tension pulls you through the book, discovery process
- Even in a picture book, we need:
- Multiple uh-ohs
- dream, frustration, resolution
- who wants what from whom what’s standing in the way? what is the character willing to risk to get what he/she wants. how will the character, under his or her own power, solve the problem?
How do you achieve all that?
- Character Backstories
- Meaningful Names
- Deep Desires
- Character tags and catch phrases
- why is my character a worm or a bird?
Use the essential animalness of your animals — or play against type
- Puns and animal-appropriate language
- it’s your universe, but your universe has rules
- look for the perfect balance between humor and tenderness
no Headless Horsemen – Anchor your story in time and space!
Inside all of us is a wild thing.”
–where the wild things are
“It is more fun to talk with someone who doesn’t use long, difficult words but rather short easy words like ‘how about lunch?'” — Winnie the Pooh
“I meant what I said and I said what I meant.” — Horton Hears and Who
Rhyming Dictionary: rhymezone.com
“This is not cheating. You know all the words in there, you just forgot it for a little bit” – Liz
The Synonym Finder — great thesaurus. edit Rodale
Watch out for too many adverbs and adjectives
Avoid crazy dialogue tags
Show don’t tell
Rhyme, Rhythm and Reading Aloud
The story is the queen, the rhyme is her pawn
the story is the driver, the rhyme is his carriage
the story is the house, the rhyme is the wood
the story is the soup, the rhyme is the pot
(You are the boss of the story, not the rhyme)
- Do not sacrifice the story for the rhyme!!
- is there a reason to write it in rhyme?
- could you use internal rhyme, repetition and rhythm instead?
- Use natural syntax
- don’t forget syllabics and meter
- Read it aloud
- Ask someone else to read it aloud.
“The most important quality in writers is the ability to be dissatisfied with what we have written. Dissatisfaction creates the essential discomfort that will eventually lead us back to the manuscript to attempt yet again to craft our work to perfection. The least effective writers are the most immediately satisfied writers.” Mem Fox, Author
- making decisions to improve your writing
- looking at your work from a different point of view
- identifying places where your writing could be clearer, more interesting, more informative or more convincing
- Revising IS NOT copy editing
Potluck of Pointers:
- Read, read, read ,read ,read
- Read Aloud, read aloud, read aloud
- Emphasize truth over fact
- Use rhyme with caution and reason
- Use verbs instead of adverbs, nouns instead of adjectives
- don’t preach — or dumb down
- submit manuscripts without artwork — unless you’re an author-illustrator